Yanghwajin marks a key point on the river, Hangang, where deep water made possible to loading and unloading of large vessels. Hence, produce from all parts of the country could be transferred from Yanghwajin to Seoul city and the palaces. On one side of Yanghwajin stands the Jeoldusan Martyrs’ Shrine. Jeoldusan, a rocky bluff, was the site where many Roman Catholics were executed in the period when Catholicism was first introduced into Korea. The Jeoldusan Martyrs’ Shrine was built to cherish the spirit of martyrdom at Jeoldusan (Mt.). Yanghwajin Foreigners’ Cemetery is situated on the other side of Yanghwajin, opposite the martyrs’ shrine. It is regarded as a Protestant shrine because it is the site where so many Protestant missionaries are buried.
Yanghwajin is one of the few places in the world where Protestant and Catholic shrines are located so close together. However, it has not been noticed until recent years. Because of it’s unique history and sense of place, it should be a landmark for the Christianity. Furthermore, this park should not only be used to the pilgrims who visit here, but also the local community as a daily park.